The new UNESCO study “Culture & Working Conditions for Artists” uncovers persisting and emerging challenges artists and cultural professionals face and examines how countries around the world are addressing these issues through policymaking. The study is based on a quadrennial global survey conducted in 2018 on the impact of the Recommendation concerning the Status of the Artist, designed to track developments and identify emerging trends related to the status of the artist: over 90 responses from UNESCO Member States and non-governmental organizations, such as ITI, were received.
Hungarian theatre artists are on the streets of Budapest, protesting against new attempts of the Orban government against the remaining independent theatres. The well known Katona József Theatre experiences a defamation attack and sends the following letter, which we received via Mitos21 (please, note also the link to the online petition below):
We are writing to you because we need your help to make the international theatre scene aware of the attack that is currently taking place in Hungary against the cultural life and the Katona József Theatre.
The Hungarian government and Parliament will discuss a draft law next week in an exceptional procedure aimed at a drastical attack of the independent culture and independent companies (indirectly also against the directors of the classical theatres) and directly against those local governments led by the opposition supported that maintain theatres, including the Budapest municipal which are supposed to finance theatres.
The Independent companies will no longer have the system of operating subsidies (“TAO”) that existed before (but had already been cut down) that would mean the end of the entire independent scene.
In the case of classical theatres, the Minister of Culture would encroach on the appointment and eventual recall of directors, in exchange for possible state support. In the current structure, municipal-owned theatres (like Katona) receive most of their operating support from the central budget, with a share contribution from the municipalities.
This would also mean that the government could interfere in the appointment of the directors of the municipal theatres.
So while we thought we could breathe a little after the local elections, now we see that theatres are going into a much greater and more serious trouble.
One of the reasons for the changing of the law is a direct political attack against Gábor and the Katona.
A harassment case broke out in our theatre in mid-November. The case was treated by the theatre according to a previously (2 years ago) established procedure. The intruder (Péter Gothár) was banned from the theatre and the case was communicated transparently. The company, the victim and Gábor himself have been consulting a psychologist. In a “normal” democracy here we could put en end to this sad thing.
However, in Hungary, this seems like a great opportunity for the government and the media channeled to it to terminate the Katona that has always been considered a “left-liberal fortress”.
This is being created by a law to be adopted next week which explicitly requires performing arts organizations to work in accordance with the government in exchange for their support. This sentence itself is included in the draft law.
Of course, we try to fight against the law together with the professionals as a whole but we have no illusions that this will have no effect on decision-makers.
We know that the possibilities of our colleagues abroad are also quite limited but it would be important somehow to raise awareness of international cultural life and politics on the attack of Katona, the theatres and Hungarian culture as a whole.
and the Katona
A demonstration is being organized next Monday (details soon) and a petition has been launched
(translated to English) that all our friends abroad could sign:
It would be great if you could share the link. Thank you.
katona józsef theatre
t. 36 1 3183269
Authorities in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Far East Russia, have charged Yulia Tsvetkova (26) with distributing “gay propaganda” to minors. The theatre artists and director of the children and youth theatre “Merak” is a feminist and LGBT activist. She was running a social media page called “Vagina Monologues” (related to the play by US author Eve Ensler), which encourages people to share artistic depictions of vaginas in order to “remove the taboo” around menstruation and the anatomy of the vagina. In March she organized a children and youth theatre festival “Blue and Pink”, focusing on gender stereotypes. The festival was banned by the city authorities and Yulia Tsvetkova was interrogated for four hours.
Russia banned by law “propaganda of homosexuality toward minors” in 2013. Tsvetkova’s trial is set for Dec. 9. If she found guilty she could be sentenced to up to 15 years in prison. More than 10,000 people have signed a petition on change.org expressing support for Tsvetkova.
The new government in Flanders announced to radically cut the subsidies for culture. In many domains and especially in the performing arts: Between 3 and 6 percent for the big institutions, and 60 percent of the project subsidies. Artists inside and outside the country oppose this step and fight in solidarity. An online petition counts already more than 60.000 signatures, thousands of protesters went on the street in Brussels and Ghent.
ITI supports the open letter to the Flemish head of government and prime minister, Jan Jambon, published on November 12: “After a decennium of budget- and funding cuts there are significantly less Flemish artists to be found in prestigious European and international festivals, theatres or museums. The proposed funding cuts could deliver them the final blow and render Flanders completely useless within the international field.”
Avraham Oz, Professor Emeritus from the University of Haifa and resident director of the Alfa Theatre Tel Aviv (Israel), has received a letter which accuses the theatre as supporter of terrorists. The letter threatens the group with “immense fines”, “loss of official state recognition” and warned “that you may be charged by a criminal charge insofar as inciting speeches will occur”.
The theatre has scheduled an event under the title “Children in Chains: Detention of Minors on the West Bank and East Jerusalem”, organized by the “Betselem” organization and the “Parents Against Child Detention” for November 20th, the international Children Rights Day. The sender is an organization which sends frequently complaints to the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Finance. Those complaints were and are used to justify measures against cultural institutions in Israel (see post on Cultural Loyalty Bill). The letter also counts several cases of former repression against theatres.
The Alfa Theatre is a fringe theatre with professional Jewish and Arab actors, working in both languages. Despite the attempts at intimidation, the theatre stands by its programme.
At their meeting 19-21 October 2019 in Maribor/Slovenia the representatives of European ITI Centers have signed a resolution, initiated by the Swiss ITI centre, to stop the Turkish attacks against Kurdish people in Syria. The resolution calls for immediate action with tangible consequences like the immediate establishment of a no-fly zone over Northern Syria for Turkish war planes, the stop of arms deliveries to Turkey and the suspension of economic and military cooperation with Turkey, and demands a peaceful solution to the war in Syria with the participation of Kurdish people.